Chapter 18.28


18.28.010    Parks zone – Intent.

18.28.020    Parks zone – Use allowances.

18.28.030    Accessory uses.

18.28.040    Parks zone – Development standards.

18.28.050    Parks zone – Additional development standards.

18.28.055    Wireless communication facilities.

18.28.060    Parks zone – Site plan review process.

18.28.070    Parks zone – Rezone criteria.

18.28.010 Parks zone – Intent.

The parks zone provides for parks, recreational, open space, and resource uses within publicly owned lands, and establishes standards that allow for such uses to continue or be established while ensuring compatibility with surrounding uses. Secondary uses include utilities. The parks zone is applied to lands used for public parks, recreation, and open space purposes and designated as public and private facilities on the comprehensive plan land use map. Master plans are encouraged for park uses. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.28.020 Parks zone – Use allowances.

A. The following uses listed in Table A are identified as permitted, conditionally permitted, or prohibited uses in the parks zone:


Table A. Parks Zone Use Allowances




Arts, entertainment, indoor


Marijuana business

Arts, entertainment, outdoor


Marijuana cooperative

Construction and trade1



Mobile food service2









Recreational facility, indoor



Recreational facility, outdoor



Single detached dwelling unit4



Utility facility



1. City maintenance facility only.

2. Mobile Food Service Requirements.

a. No permanent fencing, walls, or other structures are installed which hinder removal of the mobile food service from the site;

b. No required parking stall shall be blocked or rendered unusable as a result of the mobile food service;

c. Safe ingress and egress shall be maintained. Visibility for transportation and pedestrian access shall be maintained;

d. The duration of the mobile food service shall be established as a condition of approval of any applicable permits;

e. A sign permit is required for exterior signage in accordance with the sign code, Chapter 18.42 KMC.

3. City office only.

4. One dwelling unit allowed per existing legal lot as of December 11, 2006.

B. Classified land uses not listed or prohibited in Table A may be allowed through completion of a site plan review process pursuant to KMC 18.28.060 and Chapter 18.105 KMC. Proponents of projects that include land uses of different sizes or dimensions than those allowed in Table A may also request allowance of such uses pursuant to KMC 18.28.060 and Chapter 18.105 KMC. [Ord. 17-0438 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. 16-0421 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. 16-0417 § 4; Ord. 14-0384 § 5; Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.28.030 Accessory uses.

Accessory uses, when consistent with the definition in Chapter 18.20 KMC, are allowed as determined by the city manager. [Ord. 17-0438 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.28.040 Parks zone – Development standards.

A. Specific zone-based development standards for the parks zone in Table B shall apply to the parks zone as follows:

Table B. Parks Zone Development Standards 



Maximum Density: Dwelling Units/Gross Acre


Minimum Lot Size

4,500 sq. ft.2

Minimum Lot Width

35 ft.

Minimum Street Setback

0 ft., 10 ft., or 20 ft.3

Minimum Interior Setback

5 ft. or 20 ft.3

Base Height

35 ft.4

Maximum Impervious Surface: Percentage

2 – 30%5

1    Dwelling unit, single detached uses: limited to one single detached dwelling unit per existing legal lot as of December 11, 2006. Caretaker residence, accessory: when attached may only be allowed as a reuse of a surplus nonresidential facility subject to Chapter 18.50 KMC.

2    The minimum lot size may be reduced if the city manager determines use on the site is compatible with adjoining property, does not impair development of adjoining property and does not adversely affect the public health, safety or welfare.

3    a. Street setbacks: the minimum street setback varies depending on the adjacent zoning:

(1) Zero feet if adjacent zoning is downtown commercial or residential.

(2) Twenty feet if adjacent zoning is R-1 to R-6.

(3) Ten feet in all other zones.

b. Interior setbacks: 20 feet if adjacent zoning is R-1 to R-6; five feet in all other zones.

4    Height limits may be increased when portions of the building which exceed the base height limit provide one additional foot of street and interior setback for each foot above the base height limit, provided the maximum height does not exceed 75 feet.

5    a. For the purposes of this zone, paved trails are not considered impervious surface; provided, that City stormwater and other applicable requirements are met.

b. The following maximum impervious surface standards apply based on the size of the park property:

(1) One hundred acres or greater: five percent.

(2) Thirty to 100 acres: 10 percent.

(3) Less than 30 acres: 30 percent.

c. Measures to reduce impervious surfaces and to promote low impact development shall be employed unless infeasible, consistent with adopted Kenmore stormwater management standards.

B. Standards may be varied through a variance process pursuant to Chapter 19.25 KMC and KMC 18.115.030, or through a site plan review process in KMC 18.28.060. [Ord. 16-0428 § 13 (Att. I); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.28.050 Parks zone – Additional development standards.

A. Where the parks zone abuts a residential zone, the city manager may require a landscaping screen pursuant to Chapter 18.35 KMC in order to screen views of parking lots, accessory buildings, or other features within the parks zone. Aesthetic, safety, security, and maintenance factors shall be considered when considering the type of screen to be employed. Native vegetation is preferred for these screening treatments.

B. Accessory buildings and other structures shall be clustered together to the greatest extent feasible in order to reduce lengthy buildings and impervious surfaces. Measures to reduce impervious surfaces and to promote low impact development shall be employed where feasible, consistent with adopted Kenmore stormwater management standards.

C. Lighting shall be provided for safety of traffic and pedestrian circulation on the site. It shall be designed to minimize direct illumination of abutting properties and adjacent streets. The lighting standards of KMC 18.52.140 shall be met. The city manager shall have the authority to waive the requirement to provide lighting. [Ord. 16-0428 § 13 (Att. I); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.28.055 Wireless communication facilities.

Use allowances and development regulations for wireless communication facilities are located in Chapter 18.60 KMC. [Ord. 16-0426 § 6 (Att. D).]

18.28.060 Parks zone – Site plan review process.

Project sponsors in the parks zone shall undergo site plan review for purposes of establishing classified land uses or activities not otherwise established in KMC 18.28.020 as permitted or conditionally permitted, in accordance with Chapter 18.105 KMC. Site plan review shall not be used to establish prohibited uses listed in KMC 18.28.020. A site plan review shall be processed consistent with Chapter 18.105 KMC. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.28.070 Parks zone – Rezone criteria.

A. The parks zone may be established by a Type 4 land use decision per Chapter 19.25 KMC, where the zone reclassification implements the public and private facilities comprehensive plan designation.

B. If a comprehensive plan amendment is required to establish the public and private facilities land use designation, and is proposed to be implemented by the parks zone, such comprehensive plan and zoning amendments shall be processed in accordance with Chapters 19.20 and 19.25 KMC. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]